Title IX Resources
Federal Statute & Regulation
The Department of Education, Office for Civil Rights (OCR) enforces, the federal statute and regulations for Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972. Title IX protects individuals from discrimination based on sex in educational programs and/or activities that receive federal financial assistance.
- Title IX of the Educational Amendments of 1972, 20 U.S.C. §§ 1681-1688 (2020).
- Title IX Regulations, 34 C.F.R. § 106 (2020)
Federal guidance comes in many forms including "Dear Colleague" or “Dear Educator” Letters, Question and Answer documents, Know Your Rights documents, White House guidance, etc. The Department of Education, Office for Civil Rights (OCR) from time-to-time issues official correspondence in which it details the Office’s intent of how certain matters will be handled and/or interpreted, or its response to an event or legal decision, etc. The correspondence can also come in the form of summaries or reiterations of existing practices of OCR. These documents do not have the force of law and are meant to provide guidance to educational institutions responsible for complying with federal laws and regulations.
Sex Discrimination, Sexual Harassment, and Sexual Violence
- Questions and Answers on the Title IX Regulations on Sexual Harassment, July 20, 2021
- OCR Issues New Resource to Help Education Institutions Implement the Title IX Final Regulations – Part 1, January 15, 2021
- OCR Issues New Resource to Help Education Institutions Implement the Title IX Final Regulations – Part 2, January 15, 2021
- Questions and Answers Regarding the Department’s Final Title IX Rule, September 4, 2020
- Questions and Answers for Postsecondary Institutions Regarding the COVID-19 National Emergency, May 12, 2020
- Not Alone - The first report of the White House Task Force to protect students from sexual assault, April 2014*
- Fast Sheet: Not Alone - protecting students from Sexual Assault, April 29th, 2014*
- Dear Colleague Letter: Retaliation, April 24, 2013
- Dear Colleague Letter: Retaliation, April 24, 2013**
- Dear Colleague Letter: Guidance on Notification of New Single-Sex Regulations, January 31, 2007
- Dear Colleague Letter: Title VI and Title IX Discrimination, September 13, 2004
Pregnant and Parenting Students
- Dear Colleague Letter: Supporting the Academic Success of Pregnant and Parenting Students, June 25, 2013
- Know Your Rights: Pregnant or Parenting? Title IX Protects You From Discrimination at School, June 25, 2013
- Dear Colleague Letter: Nondiscriminatory Treatment of Pregnant Students, June 25, 2007
Equity in Athletics
- Dear Colleague Letter: Intercollegiate Athletics Policy Clarification: The Three-Part Test - Part Three, April 20, 2010
- Dear Colleague Letter: Athletic Activities Counted for Title IX Compliance, September 17, 2008
- Dear Colleague Letter: Title IX Athletics Three-Part Test, March 27, 2008
- Dear Colleague Letter: Additional Clarification of Intercollegiate Athletics Policy: Three-Part Test – Part Three, March 17, 2005
- Dear Colleague Letter: Further Clarification of Intercollegiate Athletics Policy Guidance Regarding Title IX Compliance, July 11, 2003
First Amendment and Title IX
- Fact Sheet: Biden-Harris Administration Advances Equality for Transgender Americans, June 30, 2021
- White House Toolkit on Transgender Equality, June 30, 2021
- Dear Educator Letter: On 49th Anniversary of Title IX, June 23, 2021
- Fact Sheet: Confronting Anti-LGBTQI+ Harassment in Schools, June 23, 2021
- Notice of Interpretation: Enforcement of Title IX with Respect to Discrimination Based on Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity in Light of Bostock v. Clayton County, June 16, 2021
- Letter to Students, Educators, and other Stakeholders re Executive Order 14021, April 6, 2021
Additional Department of Education Resources
- Department of Education’s Title IX Website
- Department of Education – Office of Civil Rights Blog
- OCR Resources for LGBTQI+ Students
*On January 22, 2014, President Obama established the White House Task Force to Protect Students from Sexual Assault. As part of the task force, this report was created and the contents of the report were shared, along with additional resources, on notalone.gov. The task force is now nonexistent, and the website is no longer active. This document is not law and should only be relied upon for educational purposes.
**Not for reliance for certain purposes. This document expresses policy that is inconsistent in some respects with the Department’s regulations implementing Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972, as amended in 2020, as well as Executive Orders 13988 (on combating discrimination based on gender identity or sexual orientation) and 14021 (on sex discrimination in educational environments).